126.96.36.199.1 Chemicals Used for Solvent Cut Test
The solvent cut test is useful in determining the quality of the show. You can use different solvents for this test:
- chloroform (trichloromethane)
- carbon tetrachloride (tetrachloromethane, perchloromethane)
- ethylene dichloride (sym-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, ethylene chloride, dutch oil)
- methylene chloride (methylene dichloride, dichloromethane)
- 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform, chlorothene)
- 1-1-2-trichloroethane (vinyl trichloride, beta-trichloroethane)
- trichloroethylene (ethylene trichloride, triclene, tri, trike or TCE)
- petroleum ether
The most common reagents used by the geologist are chlorothene, petroleum ether, and acetone. The next topic provides a list of reagents that can be used for the solvent cut test. The use of ether gives a more delicate test for soluble hydrocarbons than chlorothene or acetone. However, the ether being used should be tested constantly, for the least presence of: any hydrocarbon product will contaminate the solvent and render it useless. Chlorothene is recommended for general use althoughit too may become contaminated after a long period. Acetone is a good solvent for heavy hydrocarbons but is not recommended for routine oil detection.
CAUTION: CARBON TETRACHLORIDE is a cumulative poison and SHOULD NOT BE USED for any type of hydrocarbon detection.
CAUTION: Proper ventilation is important when using petroleum ether as it may have a toxic effect in a confined space. In addition, PETROLEUM ETHER AND ACETONE are very INFLAMMABLE and must be KEPT AWAY FROM OPEN FLAMES.